cost的用法英语近义词辨析:4个表示花费的词

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  Spend . Expend . Cost . Pay

  以上四个词和“消费”、“花费”和“消耗”有关。

  ●首先,spend主要做及物动词使用,其宾语可以是“钱”、“时间”或“精力”。

  Every year, she spends a lot of money on clothes.

  女孩,您用生命买衣服啊。

  We’ve just spent 1.9 million on improving our computer network.

  笔者回想起在老东家有一段时期几十个电脑共享1MB带宽的工作环境,何其辛苦!

  I’ve spent an hour in the station waiting for the train.

  各位瞅仔细了,spend [money] on doing sth.但是spend [time] doing sth.这就是区别。雅思考官各个鹰眼犀利,可别范怂。

  My sister always spends ages in the bathroom.

  我姐姐洗澡总是洗很久很久。

  I want to live in a dormitory to spend time with my school friends.

  For the past month, he’s spending all the energy trying to find a job.

  此外,spend并非大家想象的只能由人或机构做主语:

  Her anger soon spent itself (=stopped). 她只生了一会气。

  ●expend的用法和spend差不多,比expend更为正式,可以用于雅思写作;

  You expend so much effort for so little return.

  你还真是入不敷出。

  Governments expend a lot of resources on war.

  政府在战争上投入很多资源。

  ●cost的用法与spend, expend不同。cost的主语一般是花出去的钱、时间和精力的对象。

  I cost 30 dollars for the board game. X

  The board game costs me 30 dollars.√

  I spend 30 dollars for the board game.√

  One costs more money running a business than buying a house. X

  Running a business costs more money than buying a house.√

  It costs more money to run a business than to buy a house.√

  (因为这句话的主语是不定式to run a business,所以它被放在谓语和宾语后面,,主语用it代替)

  ●pay的用法。pay强调“付款”,也有pay [money] for sth.这样一看就懂的用法

  You have to pay four dollars for each hamburger.

  当然pay还有很多其他用法。

  Mum paid for my driving lessons./Mum paid me for the driving lessons.

  妈妈帮我付了学开车的钱。

  Ray paid some kids to wash his car.

  Ray花钱叫几个小孩来洗他的车。

  Ray paid the kids 10 dollars to wash his car.

  Ray花10美元叫这孩子洗他车。

  A savings plan that paid six percent interest

  一个6%利息的储蓄方案

  It pays to be honest. (= It is good to be honest)

  William is now paying the price for his early mistakes.

  威廉姆现在在为他之前的错误买单。

  I decide to pay my folks a visit this weekend.

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